From the Chief Editor's Desk

The present volume of Demography India consist twelve articles on various nexuses of demography such as fertility, mortality, morbidity, etc. Human fertility is a core area of demographic research which plays a most important role in measuring the population growth. There are several biological, psychological & socio economic factors which governs the reproductive behavior of a women, this makes fertility a complex phenomena. Many demographers developed various models and formulas for analyzing the fertility rate. The first article of this volume gives a brief description on the various stochastic models for human fertility specially developed at the Department of Statistics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. There are three more articles which deals with the above mentioned factors associated with the fertility, first one assessed the expected family size in the presence of sex preferred desire family size and also examined the gap in the expected and actual family sizes for the women who have completed their family. Second article explored the factors affecting the duration of waiting time to first conception by using some survival models. The third one is the theoretical illustration on nature as well as the mean of the distribution of open birth interval for large marital duration.

Two articles in the current volume based on a social issue “Child Marriage”, one measure the level and trends of child marriage by using census and large survey data and also investigate socio-economic differentials of child marriage based on the availability of data. The second paper also analyzes the factors correlates to child marriage but the study based on the rural area of Bangladesh.

The population growth of India has always been a major issue for the government and policy planners. There is one interesting article elaborates the Neo-Malthusian concept of population theory in the context of India’s population and made a conclusion that in the current scenario population explosion is no longer an important issue for India. There is another article addressing the progress in the status of Bangladeshi women in the context of education, employment, autonomy, violence and mortality rates of women. This paper presents the trend of all above mentioned factors and claims that progress in the status of women are largely due to the make ends meet and not the outcomes of policy reforms as claimed by the government. This article also gives some suggestions for improving the status of women which may provide some help to policy makers.

In Indian context almost in every phenomena caste shows a significant impact on the demographic variables, there exist a large variation in the fertility rate, contraceptive prevalence rate, infant mortality rate, etc. among the people belongs to different caste. There has an article which analyze the changes occurs in the socio-economic and demographic characteristic of a most marginalized caste by using census data.

The rest of the three articles published in general deal with an essential topic “Public Health”, first one investigate the barriers present in the society regarding the utilization of public health sectors, and also provides some factors correlated to the utilization of public health facilities. Second paper assesses the impact of tuberculosis on the survival of the AIDS patient in the presence of some background factors. The last paper of the current volume examines the differences in the hospitalization rate and treatment seeking behaviour and gives some explanation for this existing gap by means of some socio-economic and demographic characteristics.

Now Demography India is on the web and this is the second electronic version of Demography India. By this, we will definitely attract a large number of viewers and by doing this we can receive the electronic submission of research articles speeding up the review process. I would like to put on record the support received from experts, editors and editorial board members of the journal for their assistance. I am extremely thankful to all learned reviewers who have given their valuable time for reviewing the paper in time. I am also thankful to the research scholars of the department of statistics who are helping in formatting the paper. Last but not least I am thankful to the Executive members and members of IASP to give me moral support at each step.

Varanasi Kaushalendra Kumar Singh